The 2014 Chevrolet Spark electric vehicle will be the most efficient car sold to retail consumers as it could return the equivalent of 119 mpg in combined city and highway driving, according to General Motors. The carmaker said that the 2014 Spark EV that will be rolled out this summer in California and Oregon will have an EPA-rated range of 82 miles when fully charged.
Other EVs sold or bound for production in the US include Nissan Leaf, Mitsubishi i-MiEV, Fiat 500e, Scion iQ EV, Honda Fit EV and the Focus Electric. While the Scion iQ EV has an EPA-rated fuel efficiency of 121 mpg, it is only used in car-sharing demonstration programs and not sold at retailers.
The US Environmental Protection Agency, created the mpg equivalency rating to help consumers compare the efficiency of gasoline-powered and electric vehicles. In terms of range, the Spark EV is beaten by the Fiat 500e, which could travel up to 87 miles in a full single charge. Chrysler Group is launching the Fiat 500e this month in California.
On the other hand, the best-selling pure EV, the Leaf, has a range of 73 miles. According to GM, the Spark EV will have a price of less than $25,000 with tax incentives. Spark EV buyers will qualify for a $7,500 federal tax credit, which means that the unit has a sticker price of around $30,000. GM is also launching the Spark EV in Canada, South Korea and Europe.
According to a GM spokeswoman, the carmaker will consider selling the Spark EV in other US regions. The carmaker said that the Spark will be the first EV that comes with an optional combination charger that enables DC Fast Charging, an innovative technology that allows recharging of up to 80 percent of the EV’s battery capacity in 20 minutes. A full charge using a 240-volt charging station takes seven hours. On the other hand, a recharge using the standard 120-volt outlet takes around 14 hours.