BMW shows its 3-Series family through changing times

Article by Christian Andrei, on January 16, 2012

BMW’s 6th generation 3-series had its U.S. launch at the Detroit Auto Show. Its successes merit a discussion on how the sports sedan came to this point and on how it will be in the future. The small sedan arrived in 1975, just three years after the 5-series, as a successor to the BMW 1600, the 1600ti and the 2002. It came with big windows, short overhangs and a low-slung appearance.

At its front, we see company's signature double-kidney grille. Known internally as the E21, it had engines that are from 1.6 liters to 2.3 liters in displacement. The top model made 141 hp and had disc brakes all around. And in 1982, it had come with redesigned sheetmetal and optimized aerodynamics. BMW increased the Track width and dual headlights were offered as standard.

The E30 was offered for sale until 1993 with a choice of four- and six-cylinder engines from 121 hp. In the early part of the 1990s, the third generation made its debut. This truck is quite larger and is slightly compared to predecessor. .On each side of the grille, we see double headlights put together behind glass on each side of the grille.

The third-generation doesn’t have anything in common with it. Its power is the result of a selection of four- and six-cylinder engines that range from 111 hp to 300 hp. The third-generation M3 exceeded the 300hp barrier for the first time with 317 hp produced from the 3.2-liter inline six-cylinder engine.

Growth was noted for the fourth generation. In fact, the width was extended by nearly two inches and it had added three inches to its track. The grill has already been introduced into its engine. The lower headlight comes with a unique look when compared to the 5- and 7-series. Its output was given a boost to 235 hp for the non-M models.

Meanwhile, the M3 CSL produced 355 hp. In 2005, the fifth generation was launched – the most powerful series launched. It recently got the award as the World Car of the Year in New York. Known to be the E90, it comes with power that range from 215 hp in the 325i to 444 hp in the M3 GTS.

New BMW 3-series has the lowest coefficient of drag in its history

Presented to North America via the Detroit Auto Show, the new BMW 3-series would be more efficient and will have the lowest coefficient of drag in its history. It unveiled a four-cylinder engine that could offer 240 hp and 255 lb-ft of torque. Top models stay with the twin-scroll turbocharged I6 to deliver 300 hp. In addition, the dual headlights with LED eyebrows extend to the kidney-grille frame. The 3-series features two large air intakes positioned below the headlights.

By making use of powerful horizontal lines for the rear of the BMW 3-Series Sedan, it manages to highlight how wide the track is and how broad the face of its wheels is. It goes without saying that as the 3-Series Sedan uses the standard L-shaped design, the lights in the rear are placed on the rear’s outer edges. One trademark design quality in the rear is a pair of line that is on top of its bumper but under the spoiler that helps put a stylistic frame on this section.

With the presence of contrasting light surfaces, this allows the new 3-Series Sedan’s rear section to have a dynamic feel and is highlighted further with how the defined edges interact with the precise lines and the flowing surfaces. There are low-set reflectors positioned on the far edges and these help the vertical lines flow from the greenhouse then above the rear lights and all the way to the wheels.

This design results in the road presence of this new offering being visually highlighted even more. Looking at its C-pillar, its base has a rather outstanding interpretation of the standard BMW Hofmeister kink. As such, this results in the silhouette having greater flair. Beside it is a fine contour line that goes to the boot lid starting from the roof. This contour line helps give the roof that lower look especially when looked at from the side.

On the side of the 3-Series Sedan, one can get a feel of lightness that is elegant yet athletic. While this does go down to the sides, there is a somewhat rising shade line down low on its deeply curved side skirt to put added emphasis. Helping improve the lightness of the flank lines are the large light surfaces on top of the side skirt.

Still on the side, one can safely say that it is dominated with sweeping lines and tight surfaces. In terms of visuals, it makes the new 3-Series Sedan appear to be stretched and thus gives its dynamic state that added vitality. A feature on the side that is sure to catch attention is the double swage lines which are two character lines running beside each other. The higher line starts from the low-slung front end and then goes above the front wheel through an understated sweep. This is more of a reference to the quickness of the sedan.

The second line though starts lower down and then goes just behind the front wheel, eventually making an arching path all the way to the rear section. These two lines combined strengthen the wedge shape of the side in addition to producing an intense light and shade impression just under the swage line. The result is that this puts additional focus on the wide track of the new 3-Series Sedan.

Topics: bmw, bmw 3-series

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