GM introduces Chevrolet Cruze BEV (Battery Electric Vehicle)

Article by Christian Andrei, on September 20, 2010

General Motors revealed today the Cruze BEV (Battery Electric Vehicle), a demonstration vehicle designed to explore market needs and customer acceptance of battery electric vehicles in Korea.

The new car is the result of shared development with GM Daewoo, LG Chem and LG Electronics. It is equipped with a 31-kWh battery capable to deliver a maximum power of 150 kW or 201 hp.

With this amount of power it can sprint from 0 to 100 km/h (62 mph) in just 8.2 seconds, while the maximum speed is limited to 165 km/h (102.5 miles per hour).

Recharging this vehicle takes 8 to 10 hours, but according to the manufacturer, part of the demonstration fleet’s task is to test a “quick charge” application.

The quick recharge reduces the charge time significantly. The Cruze EV is powered by batteries developed by LG Chem and propulsion systems (motor/inverter) from LG Electronics.

Although most of the electric vehicles on the market carry the battery packs in the trunk, the Cruze EV comes with batteries mounted on the underbody. This means that the car gets the same trunk space as the standard models, but also a lower center of gravity for better stability.

GM Daewoo promises its Korean customers many wonderful things in the electric vehicle realm, starting with the Cruze electric vehicle. The new EV is a result of the collaboration between GM Daewoo and LG Chemical. In this project, LG Chemical acts as the exclusive partner that will provide battery cells for the vehicles that the collaboration can come up with.

The Cruze EV is the second electric vehicle that LG Chemical is providing battery cells for. The first vehicle that carried LG Chem’s battery cells was the Chevrolet Volt, which the two partners have been working on since 2008. It’s worth noting that both LG Chem and GM Daewoo are both Korean firms.

Peter Bahnsuk Kim, LG Chem’s chief executive officer, stated that the new partnership for the Cruze EV is significant for both companies, and represents an expansion of the domestic electric vehicle market to South Korea.

GM Daewoo’s president and chief executive officer Mike Arcamone said that the Cruze EV is but a sneak peek of the stuff that the company has planned for both Korean and global customer bases.

The Cruze EV’s batteries are notable because the battery pack is not stuffed on the trunk like most cars of its class do. Instead, the battery pack is mounted beneath the body of the car. This frees up the trunk and gives its space for what it really is for – to carry cargo.

Press Release

GM Extends EV Development with Demo Fleet of Electric Chevrolet Cruzes

General Motors today announced a demonstration project to explore market needs and customer acceptance of battery electric vehicles in Korea. The project involves a fleet of electric vehicles based on the successful Chevrolet Cruze. The result of shared development with GM Daewoo, LG Chem and LG Electronics, the electric Cruzes will be part of a demo fleet that will operate in South Korea’s capital, Seoul.

The project is aimed at benefiting GM’s core vehicle electrification competencies, which include batteries, electric motors, power controls and charging. It will provide real-world data on customer acceptance of battery electric vehicles, studying driving patterns and charging behavior while sharing costs and resources. This is a key initiative in GM’s global battery and electric vehicle development strategy. The demo project is expected to launch by the end of October. GM demonstration fleets with other partners are also being launched in other urban markets later this year.

The Cruze EV demo fleet will be the first full-size sedan electric vehicles to hit the road and will be powered by batteries from LG Chem and propulsion systems (motor/inverter) from LG Electronics. GM’s EV demo fleet in South Korea will consist of Chevrolet Cruzes and GM Daewoo Lacetti Premieres. GM currently markets the vehicle under the local brand in South Korea.

“This Cruze EV demonstration project reinforces GM’s commitment to being a leader in the development of electric vehicles and green technologies, building on our portfolio of hybrids and the Chevrolet Volt,” said Karl Stracke, Vice President, GM Global Vehicle Engineering. ”We’ll apply the learnings from this and our other demo projects to help us deliver the world’s best vehicles for our customers.”

The Cruze EV is equipped with a 31-kWh battery that generates maximum power of 150 kW. The demonstration fleet will be monitored closely to determine the amount of real-world range achievable by a vehicle of its size. On specific test schedules conducted by LG Chem, the demonstration vehicles may achieve a range of up to 160 km (100 miles). The vehicles can go from 0 to 100 km/h (60 miles per hour) in 8.2 seconds with a maximum speed of 165 km/h (102.5 miles per hour).

On a standard household 220-volt outlet, the Cruze EV can be fully recharged in 8 to 10 hours. Part of the demonstration fleet’s task is to test a “quick charge” application that could reduce the charge time significantly.

“Although there is much more work to be done, our ability to develop this vehicle in less than a year offers a peek at the very promising plans we have for our customers in Korea and around the world,” said Mike Arcamone, GM Daewoo President and CEO.

While battery packs often occupy trunk space, the Cruze EV’s battery pack is mounted on the underbody. This gives the Cruze EV the same trunk space as conventional vehicles with gasoline engines.

“Expanding the domestic electric vehicle market carries significant meaning for collaboration between GM Daewoo and LG Chem,” said Peter Bahnsuk Kim, Vice Chairman and CEO of LG Chem. “Over the past two years, we have forged a strong partnership with GM, and now we look forward to doing the same with GM Daewoo in our home country.”

Since 2008, GM has been working with LG Chemical, which is the exclusive supplier of battery cells for the Chevrolet Volt electric vehicle with extended range. The Volt enters the U.S. market later this year. The development of the Chevrolet Cruze EV demo fleet will expand this collaboration.

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