Market researchers at JATO Dynamics released the results of the study that identifies Toyota Motor Corp., PSA/Peugeot-Citroen SA and BMW AG as the automakers that are nearest to reaching their EU-mandated CO2 targets. To meet the more stringent emissions regulations that start to take effect next year, Toyota, PSA and BMW would have to reduce their overall fleet emissions by 7% or less.
Automakers have until 2015 to cut CO2 emissions from new cars sold in Europe to a fleet average of 130 grams per kilometer. JATO analyzed 21 European markets and determined that last year's average was 140.9g/km, while in 2009, it had an average of 145.9g/km. Daimler AG, Mazda Motor Corp. and Nissan Motor Co. will have to hurry up with its CO2 cuts to help the industry attain the overall goal.
If the automakers don’t achieve the cuts in time, they will get steep fines. For the period from 2012 to 2018, an auto group faces various amounts of penalties that depend on how much it exceeds its target.
In particular, automakers have to pay 5 euros per vehicle for the first g/km of CO2; 15 euros for the second gram; 25 euros for the third gram; and 95 euros from the fourth gram onwards. However, a 5 million euro fine is imposed on a carmaker in Europe with sales of 1 million units in Europe that misses the target by 1g/km of CO2.
In a talk with Automotive News Europe, JATO Vice President for Research Gareth Hession said that he doesn’t think these fines will put anyone out of business but if a carmaker decides to continue to build cars with high emissions then it has to significantly revise its retail pricing position.
ANE also had the chance to talk to Jos Dings, director of Brussels-based green transport campaigners T&E. Dings said that it’s not likely that automakers won’t be able to hit their targets since they’re “clever enough” to test the cars in a way wherein they’ll be able to comply.