Kia to debut Niro hybrid crossover at 2016 Geneva Auto Show

Article by Christian Andrei, on February 23, 2016

Kia Niro is the brand’s newest low-emissions hybrid crossover created using its first-ever dedicated eco-car platform. This latest offering from Kia will officially be introduced to Europe through the 86 Salon International de l’Automobile or the 2016 Geneva International Motor Show.

Created from scratch as a hybrid vehicle, it has the modern design that makes it stick out when compared with other conservatively-styled hybrid in its class. While it does have high fuel efficiency due to its advanced hybrid powertrain, it has the road appeal and practicality of a crossover.

The platform utilized for the Niro was based from current Kia models though it was made from the ground up. It is aimed at being able to contain not only the next-generation powertrains but also an array of environmentally-conscious technologies.

Though the hybrid powertrain of Niro is still under development, it will have a 32 kW electric motor, lithium-ion polymer battery pack, and a 1.6-litre gasoline direct injection engine -- all of which are paired with the six-speed double-clutch transmission. Engineers are also aiming to have CO2 emissions at 89 g/km.

Exterior Design

The style of the brand’s latest addition to the design-led product range was done by the design centers in Namyang, Korea, and California, USA. It manages to combine its aerodynamic body and sculptured surfaces with the aesthetic appeal and the practicality of a compact crossover.

It comes as no surprise that the Kia Niro has a brand new form and has no precedent in the brand’s line-up. The silhouette of the Niro is aerodynamic and is clearly inspired by the crossover. Still, even with the sharp modern lines and the sculptured surfaces, it is clear that the Niro is a Kia.

What is new in this model is that it features an evolution of the brand’s signature ‘tiger-nose’ grille. There is also Kia’s well-known C-pillar plus other signature design cues. The Niro has sleek proportions and is shaped like that of a compact SUV. It also has a wide stance revealing a low center of gravity and stability.

The athletic crossover stance of the Niro shows that it veers away from other hybrid cars on the market with the rising shoulder line, the short overhangs, long bonnet, and elevated headlamps. Going back to its silhouette, it narrows down until it reaches the rear portion and ends in the rear spoiler, the elevate tail lamps, and the squared-off rear bumper.

When combined with wheel arches, the design results to a higher visual volume on its rear haunches. Since efficient aerodynamic performance was one of the design considerations, the Niro has a rather low drag coefficient at 0.29 Cd. This makes it a more aerodynamic hybrid compared to those from its competitors.

With a wheelbase that is 2,700 mm long, front overhang of 870 mm, and rear overhang of 785 mm, the Niro ensures that occupants get to experience a large cabin space. In terms of dimension, the Niro has a length of 4,355 mm, width of 1,800 mm, and height of 1,535 mm.

This makes it larger than the cee’d hatchback but smaller than the Kia Sportage, a size that is unique to itself. European consumers have the choice of seven colors and either alloy 16-inch wheels or alloy 18-inch wheels.

Interior Design

The interior of the Niro shows modernity and space especially with the defined horizontal lines and the wide dashboard. Like many of the new models, the interior also offers soft-touch and high-quality materials. The lines that run across the width of the interior allow the dashboard to be separated in different regions.

The instrument binnacle and the human-machine interface are located in the same parallel while a column of controls is located just under it and incorporates ventilation and heating. This is also where the switches of its key driver assistive systems are located.

The way the dashboard’s horizontal layout is arranged enables the viewer to see the width of the interior, giving it an impression of space. In addition, the center console is ergonomic and has been angled just a little towards the driver.

The cabin though will be single-toned with the choice of either dark grey or black. The interior has upholstered cloth, cloth and leather or even genuine leather. In developing the Niro HEV, the engineering team made sure to focus on making this model deliver the best fuel economy for the compact crossover class.


The Niro thus manages to be a vehicle that shows a stylish design combined with high fuel economy. Its combined CO2 emission rating is targeted to be 89 g/km. Since it is envisioned to be a hybrid model, the Kia Niro HEV manages to have efficient fuel economy and low emissions due to the downsized hybrid powertrain.

Niro’s ‘Kappa’ 1.6-litre GDI engine can deliver 105 ps and torque of 147 Nm. This is paired with the polymer 1.56 kWh lithium-ion battery pack and the 32 kW electric motor. When combined with the six-speed double-clutch transmission, the powertrain delivers an output of 141 ps and maximum torque of 264 Nm (195 lb.-ft.). This amount of torque is available even at the first gear for that off-the-line acceleration.

The engine is also the first to use a combination of a petrol direct injection, cooled exhaust gas recirculation, long-stroke-narrow-bore specification, and Atkinson combustion cycle. The result is that it maximizes the efficiency. The fuel efficiency and low emissions are enhanced even further through the exhaust heat recovery system. What this system does is route the coolant to the heat exchanger in the exhaust system, resulting to a faster engine warm-up.

The transmission that channels the performance to the wheels is the newest 6DCT from the brand. It continues to use the architecture of the 7DCT that was developed by the brand in-house for the newly -upgraded Kia cee’d. However for the Niro, the 6DCT was reengineered for its advanced hybrid-system. It also gives a direct and faster response, and even more entertaining drive, compared to the standard continuously-variable transmission.

This 6 DCT can change the gears automatically though sharper drivers can pull the gear towards them and run the car under Manual Sports model and provide manual shifting. In order to equip the 6DCT to the Niro, its layout and gear train were redesigned to ensure its compact size and light weight. The low-viscosity transmission fluid and low-friction bearings lessen the mechanical noise and reduce the mechanical friction to have faster reaction times. With the addition of a Transmission-Mounted Electric Device, the DCT is able to function perfectly with its hybrid system.

TMED ensures that the complete output of the electric motor and engine are transmitted parallel with the help of the transmission but with minimum energy lost. This is very different from the power-split system that CVT-based hybrid cars use. Under this system, part of the energy output sent to the electric motor is converted and this results in a loss due to the energy conversion.

With the TMED, the hybrid system is able to get power from the battery immediately even at high speeds to give faster accelerative response. The battery pack in the hybrid powertrain is one of the most efficient and lightest used by the brand.

Unlike the battery packs offered by competitors, the one in the Niro is 13% better in terms of energy efficiency. It also offers 50% more energy density, and weighs around 33 kg. Since the battery packs also have an advanced power relay, it can regenerate electrical energy when the Niro is undergoing deceleration.

Press Release


The all-new Kia Niro will make its European debut at the 2016 Geneva International Motor Show (86 Salon International de l’Automobile) on 1 March. An all-new low-emissions hybrid crossover, the Niro marks the development of Kia’s first dedicated eco-car platform.

The Kia Niro will offer the practicality and kerbside appeal of a spacious crossover, together with the high fuel efficiency of an advanced hybrid powertrain. Engineered from the ground up as a dedicated hybrid vehicle, its attractive, modern design will help the car stand out among conservatively-styled hybrid rivals.

The Niro’s all-new platform has been engineered in isolation from existing Kia models, and is designed to accommodate a specific set of environmentally-conscious technologies and next-generation powertrains. While the Niro’s hybrid powertrain – made up of a 1.6-litre GDI (gasoline direct injection) engine, lithium-ion polymer battery pack, 32 kW electric motor and six-speed double-clutch transmission – is under development, Kia’s engineers are targeting CO2 emissions of 89 g/km*.

Michael Cole, Chief Operating Officer, Kia Motors Europe, commented, “The Kia Niro will offer buyers a compelling blend of crossover practicality with the cool, modern styling for which Kia is famous, and an efficient new hybrid powertrain to keep running costs down. The Niro fills a gap in the market for a crossover with typically low hybrid emissions, and will appeal to a broad range of European buyers.”

Cole added: “Hybrid sales have more than doubled in Europe over the last five years, and are forecast to account for around 700,000 sales in Europe by 2020. The Niro will allow Kia to meet this growing demand for alternatively-fuelled vehicles, and help us meet our 2020 global target to improve average fleet fuel efficiency by 25% over 2014 levels.”

Stand-out crossover styling for the hybrid car market

An all-new addition to Kia’s design-led product range, and without precedent in the Kia line-up, the Kia Niro is distinguished by a brand new form. The styling of the Niro was led by Kia’s design centres in California, USA and Namyang, Korea and incorporates the practicality and aesthetic allure of a compact crossover, with a sleek, aerodynamic body and subtly sculptured surfaces.

With its aerodynamic, crossover-inspired silhouette, subtly sculptured surfaces and sharp, modern lines, the Niro is nevertheless instantly recognisable as a Kia. The new model bears the latest evolution of Kia’s signature ‘tiger-nose’ grille, as well as the brand’s characteristically wide C-pillar and a series of other signature design cues.

Sporting a compact SUV shape, the Niro features smooth, sleek proportions, while its relatively wide stance portrays stability and a low centreof gravity. With a relatively long bonnet, short overhangs, elevated headlamps and rising shoulder line, the Niro’s athletic crossover stance represents a shift away from other hybrid cars on the market today. The Niro’s silhouette tapers slightly towards the rear of the vehicle, ending in a subtle rear roof spoiler, elevated tail-lamps and a wide, squared-off rear bumper. Combined with bold wheel arches, the design places greater visual volume over the rear haunches.

Designed principally for efficient aerodynamic performance, the Niro’s body allows for a low drag coefficient of just 0.29 Cd – making it more aerodynamic than many other hybrid rivals. Its relatively long wheelbase (2,700 mm) and short front and rear overhangs (870 and 785 mm, respectively) also ensure occupants enjoy generous interior space.

The Kia Niro occupies a new space within the brand’s model line-up in terms of its size. The Niro is 4,355 mm in length, 1,800 mm wide and 1,535 mm tall, making it smaller overall than the all-new Kia Sportage, though occupying a larger footprint than the cee’d hatchback.

For Europe, the Kia Niro will be available with a choice of seven colours, and buyers can choose from a selection of 16- or 18-inch alloy wheel designs.

Modern, horizontal dashboard emphasises cabin space

The all-new cabin of the Kia Niro has been designed to give an impression of space and modernity, with a wide dashboard and defined horizontal lines. The Niro follows the most recent Kia models in offering high quality, soft-touch materials throughout the interior.

Clear lines running the width of the cabin separate the different areas of the dashboard, with the instrument binnacle and HMI (human-machine interface) system situated along the same parallel, and a column of controls located beneath, incorporating heating and ventilation and switches for key driver assistive systems. The horizontal layout of the dashboard serves to draw the viewers’ eyes along the width of the cabin, for a greater impression of spaciousness, while the ergonomic centre console is angled slightly towards the driver.

The Kia Niro will be available with a single-tone cabin, available either in black or dark grey, and upholstered in cloth, cloth and leather or full genuine leather.

Engineers targeting 89 g/km CO2 emissions from advanced hybrid powertrain

In developing the Kia Niro HEV, engineering teams’ efforts have been principally focused on delivering class-leading fuel economy in the compact crossover segment. The Kia Niro combines its stylish design with low emissions and high fuel economy, with a target CO2 emissions rating of 89 g/km (combined, based on Kia internal testing).

Conceived as a dedicated hybrid model, the Kia Niro HEV will achieve its ultra-low emissions levels and impressive fuel economy with a downsized hybrid powertrain. Kia’s 1.6-litre ‘Kappa’ GDI engine – producing 105 ps and 147 Nm torque – is paired with a 32 kW electric motor and a 1.56 kWh lithium-ion polymer battery pack. The powertrain’s combined 141 ps power output is applied to the road through a highly-efficient six-speed double-clutch transmission (6DCT), with a maximum 264 Nm (195 lb ft) torque available in first gear for decisive off-the-line acceleration.

The new engine marks the first combination of the Atkinson combustion cycle, cooled exhaust gas recirculation (EGR), petrol direct injection and a long-stroke-narrow-bore specification to maximise efficiency. Efficiency and emissions are further improved via the Niro’s exhaust heat recovery system, which speeds engine warm-up by routing coolant to a heat exchanger in the exhaust system

The transmission is the latest version of Kia’s 6DCT, based on the same architecture as Kia’s efficient new 7DCT, developed in-house for the recently-upgraded Kia cee’d. The 6DCT has been re-engineered specifically for use with the Niro’s advanced hybrid powertrain, delivering a more direct and immediate response – and a more entertaining drive – than a traditional continuously-variable transmission (CVT). The Niro’s 6DCT is able to shift gears automatically, while keener drivers can pull the gear lever towards them to put the car into Manual Sports mode and allow manual shifting.

For the 6DCT’s application in the Niro, the layout and gear train have been redesigned for light weight and compact size. New low-friction bearings and low-viscosity transmission fluid help reduce mechanical friction for quicker reaction times, while also reducing mechanical noise.

Kia has engineered a new Transmission-Mounted Electric Device (TMED) to allow the DCT to work best with the hybrid powertrain. The TMED allows the full output of both the engine and electric motor to be transferred in parallel through the transmission, with minimal loss of energy. This differs from a power-split system, which converts a portion of engine output for delivery through the electric motor, resulting in a loss from energy conversion, as is typical of a CVT-based hybrid. The application of the new TMED also allows the hybrid system to access the battery’s power directly at higher speeds, for more immediate accelerative response.

Advanced battery pack with energy-saving and harvesting technologies

The 1.56 kWh lithium-ion polymer battery pack is the lightest and most efficient pack used by Kia to date, with up to 50% higher energy density and 13% greater energy efficiency than the battery packs found in key rivals. Weighing just 33 kg, the Niro’s battery pack – with an advanced power relay – allows the battery to regenerate electrical energy under deceleration.

High stability and engaging handling from fully-independent suspension

The Kia Niro has been engineered independently to other Kia models, with a significantly re-engineered version of existing Kia platform hardware. This platform has been designed to accommodate the Niro’s specific set of hybrid powertrain technologies, while its global development and evaluation programme ensures it offers buyers the smooth ride, engaging handling and high stability expected of a modern Kia model.

The Kia Niro is equipped with fully-independent MacPherson strut front suspension, tuned to offer maximum on-centre steering feel, immediate reactions to steering inputs and high-speed stability.

The Niro also adopts fully-independent multi-link rear suspension with dual lower arms. The result is a comfortable ride under all conditions, with each rear wheel able to absorb bumps and shocks independently, while ensuring high agility and stability with a larger tyre contact patch under cornering than a traditional torsion beam suspension setup, common among many models in the compact crossover and hybrid segments.

Special attention was also paid to brake feel. Applying lessons learned through development of two generations of the Optima Hybrid as well as the fully-electric Soul EV, Kia engineers designed the Niro’s regenerative system to seamlessly blend in hydraulic friction braking. Consequently, deceleration feels more consistent and linear than other hybrids.

The Niro also features the latest electronic driver aids, including Kia’s Vehicle Stability Management and Electronic Stability Control, to provide stability, traction and safety in all conditions.

NVH countermeasures ensure refinement in all-electric or hybrid driving modes

A series of measures have been adopted in the all-new Kia Niro to ensure low levels of noise, vibration and harshness (NVH). A particular challenge for the Niro, Kia engineers sought to ensure the car remained as quiet and refined as possible.

As a parallel hybrid, it is important that the Niro remains as refined as possible when the 1.6-litre GDI engine is running. The all-new model therefore features a range of measures to reduce the penetration of engine noise into the cabin. These include specially-designed asymmetric engine mounts to manage powertrain movements at each point in the front subframe, high density under-bonnet insulation, and a sound-deadening acoustic shield with a special support structure to improve the sound of the engine accelerating across the most used range of engine speeds.

Reducing road noise was particularly important in order for engineering teams to minimise NVH in the cabin. Road noise is minimised and made as consistent as possible on different road surfaces with the adoption of high-insulation, rigid bushings in the front subframe. Additional insulation has also been applied around the base of the A- and B-pillars, while the rear wheel arch has been made stiffer with high-strength steels to minimise the transfer of road noise and vibrations from the rear of the car.

Suppression of wind noise was equally important, particularly at higher speeds. The Kia Niro therefore employs acoustic windshield glass and features a cowl over the windscreen wipers to reduce air turbulence at the base of the windscreen. Wind roar and ‘whistling’ is also minimised with carefully profiled door mirrors and – in its capacity as a practical crossover – any holes in the roof rack (to support cross bars) are covered.

High practicality with crossover platform engineered to accommodate hybrid system

The Niro hybrid crossover is designed to offer high levels of practicality and comfortable interior dimensions despite the compact on-road footprint.

Its relatively long wheelbase – 2,700 mm – contributes to generous interior proportions for all occupants, with up to 1,117 mm and 950 mm of legroom for front and rear passengers respectively. Its 1,800 mm-wide body provides occupants with plenty of shoulder room – 1,423 mm in the front and 1,402 mm in the rear. Headroom for all passengers is class-leading, with up to 1,049 mm in the front and 993 mm in the rear – even greater space than most C-SUVs.

For all occupants, the Niro’s crossover stance results in a slightly raised seating position and higher ground clearance compared to its hybrid and hatchback rivals, making ingress and egress easier, and resulting in a relaxed, comfortable driving position.

With plenty of space in the cabin, Kia’s engineering and design teams have created a new front seat design for the Niro. The new seat is 1.3 kg lighter than existing Kia seats, yet is designed to absorb greater levels of vibration with higher density cushioning and high-strength steel frames, minimising fatigue on longer journeys. Reprofiled springs and pads result in high levels of thigh, hip and side support.

The platform underpinning the all-new Kia Niro has been engineered to ensure no compromise in storage capacity due to the location of the hybrid powertrain. The Niro offers 421 litres (VDA) of cargo capacity, with no intrusion into boot space from the battery pack. The battery itself is located beneath the rear passenger bench, allowing the maximum possible boot space within its compact overall dimensions. The Niro’s boot is also of a sufficient shape and size to offer a full-size spare wheel beneath the boot floor (depending on market).

The fuel tank is located alongside the battery pack beneath the rear bench, with a 45-litre capacity.

From Q4 2016, the new Niro will be available with optional towing functionality – rare amongst cars in the hybrid class – allowing owners to tow braked loads of up to 1,300 kg.

Infotainment includes Kia Connected Services and Android Auto™

The new Kia Niro features a number of on-board technologies to improve comfort and convenience for buyers.

At the heart of the dashboard is Kia’s latest Human Machine Interface (HMI) and a large 7.0- or 8.0-inch touchscreen infotainment system, with optional navigation. Both systems support Bluetooth smartphone and audio connectivity and DAB digital radio, which is available across a number of European markets, and are connected to a six-speaker audio system. Music lovers can also specify new eight-speaker audio from JBL®, with a powerful 320 watt output, external amplifier.

The new Niro will also be the latest model from the company to adopt Kia’s Connected Services, powered by TomTom®. This new connectivity package offers drivers a wide range of up-to-date information, including live traffic updates**, speed camera locations and alerts**, local point-of-interest search and weather forecasts. Available in cars equipped with navigation Kia’s Connected Services will be available free of charge for European buyers for seven years after the car’s purchase.

**Legal restrictions to these services may apply depending on country usage

The Niro will additionally be the first Kia model to feature Android Auto™, designed to work with Android phones running 5.0 (Lollipop) or higher. Available from launch, Android Auto™ connects to the user’s phone and lets them access smartphone apps and functions through the in-car infotainment system, such as voice-guided Google Maps navigation, hands-free calls and texts and voice recognition. Android Auto™ also lets users stream music from Google Play Music™. In the Niro, the system has been designed to minimise distractions, and allow the driver to keep their hands on the wheel and eyes on the road ahead at all times.

Meeting a trend for ever-increasing smartphone use, the Kia Niro is available with a new wireless charger for mobile devices, enabling users to charge a mobile device on the move, without the need for a wire connection. With ‘foreign object detection’, the 5W charging system activates when a compatible device is placed on the pad – situated at the base of the centre console – and warns owners when they’ve left a phone on the charger when they leave the vehicle. The system displays the phone’s charging condition, and features a safety system to prevent overheating while in use.

High-strength steel body combined with range of active safety technologies

The Niro builds on Kia’s legacy of developing some of the safest vehicles on the road, offering high standards for occupant and pedestrian crash safety. Engineered to meet the demands of the toughest and most demanding crash safety tests around the world, the Niro features a strong bodyshell and a wide array of passive safety equipment, as well as the latest active safety and autonomous hazard avoidance technologies.

The Kia Niro’s structure is particularly strong, with its bespoke new platform made up of a significant proportion of Advanced High Strength Steel (AHSS). Part of a wider effort by Kia, the extended use of AHSS will help Kia reach its target of a 5% reduction in the average weight of new car bodies by 2020 compared to 2014 levels, while enabling greater safety and security.

53% of the body is made out of strong, light AHSS, while aluminium is used for the bonnet, tailgate panel assembly, front bumper back beam and several chassis elements, including front knuckles, front lower arms and brake calipers. Even the parking brake pedal contributes to the weight savings through the use of a Fibre-Reinforced Plastic (FRP) construction. These weight-saving measures contribute both to safety and the car’s class-leading fuel efficiency.

Strengthened hot-stamped steel is also used to reinforce the cabin, particularly for the A- and B-pillars, roof rails and wheel arches. These materials mean the Niro has a high level of torsional rigidity and can effectively distribute impact forces around the body for maximum occupant safety.

The Niro is fitted as standard with seven airbags for optimum passive occupant safety, with airbags for driver and front passenger, driver knee, first row side airbags, and first and second row curtain airbags. ISOFIX child-seat tether and anchor points are fitted as standard to the second row of seats, to safely secure children.

The new Niro is expected to perform strongly in the Euro NCAP’s increasingly-important Safety Assist category, which analyses the latest driver assistance technologies engineered to avoid accidents and mitigate the effect of a collision.

Kia’s Vehicle Stability Management (VSM) system, fitted as standard to the all-new car, helps ensure stability under braking and cornering by carefully controlling the vehicle’s Electronic Stability Control (ESC) and electric motor-driven power steering. If the system detects a loss of traction, VSM helps the driver to remain safely in control of the vehicle.

The all-new Niro is available with many of the latest active hazard avoidance technologies, depending on market. Available systems will include:

Autonomous Emergency Braking (AEB)* with pedestrian detection, employing a radar detection system to detect potential collisions with other vehicles or pedestrians and help bring the car to a halt
Smart Cruise Control (SCC), which automatically adjusts the Niro’s speed to maintain a safe distance from vehicles in front
Lane Departure Warning System (LDWS) – fitted as standard to all Niro models in Europe – emits an audible alert when the driver strays from the current lane without using the indicators
Lane Keeping Assist System (LKAS) – also fitted as standard – detects the position of the Niro in relation to lane markings and takes automatic action to correct the steering line if it senses the car starting to draft without the use of indicators
Blind Spot Detection (BSD) which monitors cars behind the Niro and provides the driver with a visual warning in the door mirror when another car enters the driver’s blind spot
Rear Cross Traffic Alert (RCTA), which warns against other cars driving behind the Niro in car parks while reversing.
Kia targeting 25% fuel economy improvement by 2020 compared to 2014

The development of the all-new Niro, with an all-new platform and bespoke powertrain, will contribute to Kia’s ambition to becoming a leader in the low emissions car market by 2020. In the next five years, Kia will expand its current green car line-up from the four current models to 11 – starting with the Niro hybrid and Optima plug-in hybrid – and is targeting a 25% global improvement to average fleet fuel efficiency over 2014 levels.

This expanded range of low-emissions vehicles will encompass a wide range of advanced powertrains, from hybrids and plug-in hybrids to battery-electric and hydrogen fuel cell electric vehicles (FCEV). The Niro is among the first of Kia’s new models to be designed, engineered and produced as part of this plan.

As well as investment in advanced propulsion technologies, by 2020 Kia will also replace seven out of its 10 current engine ranges with next-generation petrol and diesel units, while increasing the number of turbocharged engines. Higher-efficiency, multi-speed transmissions are also planned, while Kia engineers are targeting a 5% reduction in in the average weight of new car bodies through greater application of ultra-high strength steel.

On sale in Europe during Q3 2016

Following its European debut at the 2016 Geneva Motor Show, the all-new Kia Niro is due to enter full series production at Kia’s state-of-the-art manufacturing facility in Hwasung, Korea in May 2016.

The Kia Niro will go on sale across Europe towards the end of Q3 2016, and – as with every Kia sold in Europe – will come with the brand’s unique 7-Year, 100,000 mile warranty.

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