Carmakers Fiat and BMW may fail to meet the more stringent 2021 carbon dioxide targets set by the European Union, according to a study by Transport & Environment clean-air lobby group. Based on their current progress, Fiat could fail to meet the 2021 target by one year and BMW by three years, said the lobby group.
The study found out that majority of carmakers in Europe is on pace to meet the CO2 targets, if they could sustain their past progress. T&E said that Volvo, Toyota, PSA/Peugeot-Citroen, Renault, Ford and Daimler would be able to hit their CO2 targets even before 2021.
On the other hand, Volkswagen Group and Nissan would be able to hit their targets by 2021. Other carmakers who may miss their 2021 targets are Suzuki (2023), Hyundai and Mazda (2025) and Honda (2027).
This means that these carmakers need to speed up their roll-out of emissions-reducing technology. T&E noted that Suzuki, Hyundai, Mazda and Honda have just disclosed a collaboration aimed at improving the efficiency of engines by 30 percent by 2020.
Earlier this year, EU started implementing new emissions rules that compel carmakers to reduce average fleet emissions to 95 grams of CO2 per kilometer in 2021, down from the current 132g/km.
Each of the carmaker has set their own target and has been employing a number of approaches like using more efficient powertrains, lightweight materials and creating more aerodynamic designs to be able to cut their average fleet emissions.
Carmakers can also qualify for so-called “supercredits,” which enables automakers that build very low emission vehicles to claim extra credits for them.
These supercredits, which also allow carmakers to build more emission-hungry vehicles, are limited at 7.5 grams of CO2 for the years 2020 to 2022. T&E, however, only accounted for models currently being sold in the market, and did not account for supercredits as well as for new models bound to be rolled out through 2021. [source: automotive news - sub. required]