Ford Motor Co. is now larger than General Motors, at least in terms of the number of workers it employs in the United States. Ten years ago, GM had about 21,000 more than its Detroit rival. Ford has been adding around 10 union jobs daily since 2011, which means it has already surpassed a target of 12,000 new jobs in that period.
In fact, Ford has already brought back all factory jobs it got rid during the recession. Ford had 50,703 hourly workers in the US as of Feb. 1, 2015, according to a report from the UAW's Ford department. On the other hand, GM has just two-thirds as many UAW members as in 2007. A spokesman for the carmaker said they have around 50,300 US hourly workers.
The former Chrysler, now FCA US, has added about 14,000 hourly jobs since its 2009 bankruptcy and now has nearly 36,000-strong workforce. Kristin Dziczek, director of the labor and industry group at the Center for Automotive Research, remarked that the all of the Detroit 3 are getting to be about the same size.
Dziczek noted that thanks to incentives for insourcing, Ford was able to grow its US employment “pretty fast." Ford has insourced 3,361 jobs so far, accounting for around a fourth of the 14,398 entry-level workers it hired since 2010.
However, Ford's contract with the UAW has insourcing-related jobs exempted from its 20-percent cap on workers earning second-tier wages.
Because of the benefits that two-tier wages create, has been increasing its exports from US sites to overseas markets. In fact, US sites accounted for 78 percent of Ford's North American production in 2014, according to the Automotive News Data Center.