2016 Porsche 911 (991) gets a facelift, new engine lineup

Article by Christian A., on September 16, 2015
Technical specifications
3,152 lbs w/ manual transmission / 3,196 lbs w/ PDK
3.0-litre flat-six featuring twin-turbo technology
370 hp (911 Carrera) / 420 hp (911 Carrera S)
Max speedMax speed
183 mph (911 Carrera) / 191 mph (911 Carrera S)
7-speed manual / 7-speed PDK
0 - 60 mph0 - 60 mph
4.0 s (911 Carrera / 3.7 s (911 Carrera S) - w/ PDK and Sport Chrono
Fuel consumptionFuel consumption
31.8 mpg combined (911 Carrera) / 30.5 mpg combined (911 Carrera S)
Engine layout / DriveEngine layout / Drive
Rear-wheel drive (RWD)

Any car that Porsche unveils is sure to be eagerly awaited but there’s unprecedented interest for the launch of the latest generation Porsche 911. After all, it has been the top-selling sports car worldwide for many decades.

The 911 had a rear-mounted flat-six engine that led to a sporting driving experience that was loved by so many of the brand’s fans. Its unrelenting appeal stemmed from its responsive and dynamic performance proven on the tracks and on the road as well as outstanding daily practicality.

Porsche made sure that this new-generation 911 has the right set of highlights that will extend its reputation into the future. Among its features are some state-of-the-art twin-turbocharged flat-six engines, a new infotainment system, and a sophisticated chassis that’s both comfortable and high-performing.

Porsche’s experience with turbocharging spans more than 40 years in producing both production sports cars and motor racing ones. So when it came down to the new 911 Carrera’s new engines, they’ve been built to establish new benchmarks when it comes to efficiency, performance, and driving enjoyment.

Its dynamism is enhanced with a new option available with Carrera S vehicles for the first time ever – rear-axle steering. With this new equipment, the 911 Carrera can be 10 seconds faster in finishing a lap in the North Loop of the Nürburgring down to 7 minutes and 30 seconds.

Pricing for the new 2016 Porsche 911 Carrera starts at $89,400 in the United States, while the 911 Carrera S costs $103,400. Meanwhile, the 911 Carrera Cabriolet costs $101,700, while the 911 Carrera S Cabriolet comes with a $115,700 price tag.

The efficiency of the new 911 is nearly 12% better compared to the model it replaces.
Improved chassis
Advanced chassis with greater spread between performance and comfort.
10 seconds faster
Lap time around the North Loop of the Nurburgring is reduced to 7 min and 30 sec.
2016 Porsche 911 (991) Carrera starts at $89,400 in the United States
Exterior Design

From the outside, the 911 Carrera is stunning with its new headlights with four-point daytime running lights, a redesigned engine lid with vertical louvres and new tail lights (which feature the four-point brake light scheme), and handles inset to the door panel without recess covers.

An improved multi-touch display console by a new Porsche Communication Management provides numerous functions but through a system that’s simplified. The new generation marks the first time that every Carrera model has the new PASM (Porsche Active Suspension Management) chassis, which lowers the ride height by 10mm, as a standard feature.

It makes the car more stable when doing a fast cornering maneuver. Comfort is enhanced with its new dampers because it delivers a more precise response and helps improve body control in dynamic driving. Porsche unveiled new designs for its wheels.

The five slim twin spokes are covered by tires that offer a better performance and less rolling resistance. The rear rims’ width on all of the versions has been increased to 11.5 inches (bigger by 0.5 inch).

Also, the rear tires of the 911 Carrera S have a 305 mm dimension rather than 295 mm. Another option available for the 911 Carrera S is the active rear-axle steering, which is chassis technology derived from the 911 Turbo, 911 GT3, and 918 Spyder.

Interior Design

There’s also a new feature on the new 911 Carrera models that is developed by Porsche Communication Management System (PCM) related to Online satellite navigation and voice control. Operating the PCM is done via a 7-inch display using multi-touch gestures, not much different from using a smartphone.

Users have the option to input what they want via handwriting. Connecting via Bluetooth and Wi-Fi can be done through the mobile phones and smartphones of course. In yet another first – the smartphone tray is a part of the centre armrest, useful for optimizing phone reception and charging the battery.

Connecting an iPhone to the PCM to use Apple CarPlay is available for the first time ever. Route navigation is much easier when you get instantaneous traffic updates.

It’s virtually impossible for the driver to get lost with Google Earth and Google Streetview that are integrated as new features.

Additional PCM features that may interest potential buyers are the Porsche Car Connect and the Porsche Connect app, which serves as a remote control for your car, as a navigation tool, or to use third-party providers of music streaming.


Power and efficiency are improved with its entirely new engine range with twin turbocharging. A 3.0-litre flat-six engine with an output of 370 hp (272 kW) is mounted at the Carrera’s rear, a characteristic that’s distinctive of the 911.

The Carrera S powered by the 3.0-litre flat-six is capable of producing 420 hp (309 kW). In both of these instances, there’s a power increase of 20 hp (15 kW) compared to the previous model.

Porsche's 911 Carrera S produces more horsepower due to its turbochargers with revised turbine compressors, a tuned engine, and a specific exhaust system.

What makes these new engines from Porsche stand out is their much increased torque (60 Nm or 44.2 lb-ft). The car becomes highly responsive with its maximum torque of 450 Nm (331 lb-ft) and 500 Nm (368 lb-ft), respectively, which are consistently produced from 1,700 rpm up to 5,000 rpm in these two cases.

In addition, the new-generation model has a peak engine speed of 7,500 rpm, clearly surpassing the top revs of traditional turbo engines that are both complemented by the signature sonorous flat-six engine sound that only Porsche makes.

Every time that Porsche releases a new 911, it guarantees that its fuel economy and performance are always better than the previous models. Accelerating from a standstill to 62 mph takes only 4.2 seconds for the 911 Carrera Coupé with Porsche-Doppelkupplung (PDK) and Sport Chrono Package, which is faster than the predecessor by 2/10 of a second (0-60 mph in 4.0 seconds for the 911 Carrera and 3.7 seconds for the 911 Carrera S).

Not to be outdone, this benchmark is achieved by the 911 Carrera S with PDK and Sport Chrono Package in only 3.9 seconds (which is faster by 0.2 seconds). With this achievement, the new model is recognized to be the first 911 in the Carrera range to beat the 4-second mark. Major improvements were also recorded in the top speeds of the two models.

The 911 Carrera can reach a 183 mph top speed (a 4 mph increase) while the 911 Carrera S can now go as fast as 191 mph (faster by 3 mph). Porsche ensures a balance of performance, sportiness, efficiency, and everyday usability in the 911.

It’s incredible how these new engines have improved the car in every way possible. There’s some variation with the models but the efficiency of the 911 is nearly 12% better. Meanwhile, the 911 Carrera with PDK transmission is capable of returning 31.8 mpg Combined (a 3.1 mpg improvement) and the 911 Carrera S with PDK returns 30.5 mpg Combined (a 3.4 mpg improvement).

When it comes to CO2 emissions, the Carrera PDK has a rate of 169 g/km while the Carrera S PDK emits 174 g/km. With these ratings, these two models are in Band H and qualify for vehicle excise duty.

A ‘mode switch’ on the steering wheel, which is taken from the hybrid mode switch of the 918 Spyder, is part of the optional Sport Chrono Package for the 911 Carrera. There are four settings on the rotary control of this mode switch, namely: “Normal”, “Individual”, “Sport”, and “Sport Plus.”

The “Individual” setting gives drivers the opportunity to do their own configuration. For example, the driver can choose Porsche Active Suspension Management (PASM), a sports exhaust system, and a PDK transmission shifting strategy.

There’s a “Sport Response Button” on the mode switch when it is combined with the PDK. As soon as this button is pressed, a pre-conditioning takes place for 20 seconds in anticipation of a maximum acceleration such as when the driver plans to overtake.

The optimum gear is engaged for a short period while a more spontaneous response is the result of having adjustments made on the engine adjustment. Ask any sports car fan and more than likely, they will say that the 911 Carrera is the standard for driving dynamics.

Press Release

The sports car legend enhanced: the new Porsche 911 Carrera

Atlanta, Georgia. Celebrating its debut at the Frankfurt International Auto Show, the new 911 Carrera is taking performance and everyday usability to new heights. Innovative flat-six engines derived from four decades of turbocharging used in racing and on road cars not only make this the fastest 911 Carrera ever, but also provide abundant torque for superior passing power. An advanced chassis offering an even more sophisticated combination of ride comfort and performance characterizes the handling of the new 911. For the first time, rear-axle steering is available as an option for the Carrera S, significantly enhancing its already superb agility. These improvements reduce the lap time on the North Loop of the Nürburgring to just 7 minutes and 30 seconds, making it 10 seconds faster than the previous Carrera S.

Many exterior features of the 911 Carrera have been visually refined from new headlights with four-point daytime running lights to integrated door handle recesses, a redesigned rear deck lid with vertical louvers, and new rear lights – including the characteristic four-point brake lights. The new standard Porsche Communication Management system with a multi-touch display offers an expanded range of functions and simplified usability.

New turbocharged engines: 20 horsepower increase, reduced fuel consumption

The completely new engine generation featuring twin-turbo technology enhances the driving pleasure of the 911 Carrera and provides a 20 hp increase compared to the previous models. The 3.0 liter engine in the standard Carrera now develops 370 hp. Using turbochargers with modified compressor wheels, a model-specific exhaust system, and a different tune for the engine management system, the 911 Carrera S delivers 420 hp from the same displacement.

The new Porsche 911 Carrera and Carrera S engines are characterized by significantly increased torque. Offering up to 331 lb.-ft. and 368 lb.-ft., respectively, from 1,700 rpm up to 5,000 rpm, both powertrains supply generous torque over a broad powerband. Reaching up to 7,500 rpm, the new engine generation also maintains relatively high engine speeds for a turbocharged powertrain – accompanied by the familiar Porsche sound.

Traditionally, a new 911 offers enhanced performance and efficiency compared to the predecessor. Depending on the model variant, the new engines are almost twelve percent more efficient compared to the previous generation according to the New European Drive Cycle (NEDC). EPA ratings will be available at a later date.

The new 911 models also boast impressive performance: the 911 Carrera Coupé with Porsche-Doppelkupplung (PDK) and Sport Chrono Package sprints from zero to 60 miles per hour in 4.0 seconds – making it two tenths of a second faster than its predecessor. The 911 Carrera S with PDK and Sport Chrono Package needs just 3.7 seconds (also 0.2 s faster). Both models reach higher top track speeds: the 911 Carrera is now able to reach 183 miles per hour, while the 911 Carrera S can achieve up to 191 miles per hour. All new Carrera variants are offered with a manual seven-speed transmission as standard.

When equipped with the optional Sport Chrono Package, the 911 Carrera now comes with a mode switch on the steering wheel, derived from the hybrid map switch in the 918 Spyder. The mode switch consists of a rotary dial with four positions for the driving modes Normal, Sport, Sport Plus, and Individual. Depending on the optional equipment installed in the car, the Individual setting allows drivers to configure their own specific vehicle set-up for the chassis, Auto Start/Stop system, PDK shifting strategy, and Sport Exhaust System. On models equipped with the PDK transmission, the mode switch has a "Sport Response" button, which pre-conditions the drivetrain for maximum acceleration.

A standard feature: reengineered PASM with chassis lowered by ten millimeters

The uniqueness of the 911 Carrera stems from its ability to blend refined everyday comfort with exceptional performance. On the new generation, Porsche has increased the dynamic capability even further than before. The revised PASM chassis (Porsche Active Suspension Management), which lowers the ride height by ten millimeters, is a standard feature. It helps improve driver control during fast cornering. New shock absorbers enhance comfort thanks to an even more precise response characteristic and improved body control during spirited driving. New standard wheels with five twin spokes are equipped with tires that offer reduced rolling resistance and enhanced grip. Furthermore, the width of the rear rims has been increased by 0.5 to 11.5 inches on all variants. The rear tires of the 911 Carrera S now measure 305 instead of 295 millimeters in width.

Rear-axle steering is available as an option for the 911 Carrera S, adopted from the current 911 Turbo and 911 GT3. It further enhances the turn-in behavior of the 911. Additionally, it increases driving precision when changing lanes at higher speeds. At the same time, it ensures greater maneuverability in city traffic thanks to a turning radius that is 1.6 feet smaller than without this option. The improved handling is transmitted to the driver via the new steering wheel generation with a design based on the steering wheel from the 918 Spyder. For enhanced everyday practicality, Porsche offers an optional electro-hydraulic lift system with lifting cylinders that are integrated into the front axle struts. At the touch of a button, the ground clearance at the front axle is increased by 40 millimeters within 5 seconds. This is particularly useful when clearing speed bumps or steep driveways.

New Porsche Communication Management including online navigation

A standard feature of the new 911 Carrera models is the newly developed Porsche Communication Management System (PCM), including an online navigation module. The PCM can be operated by multi-touch gestures on the seven-inch display, similar to a smartphone. Handwritten user inputs are recognized. Mobile phones and smartphones can now also be connected via Wi-Fi. Also new is the option of connecting an iPhone® to the PCM to utilize Apple CarPlay™.

Real-time traffic information is available for significantly enhanced navigation. It gives the driver a quick overview of the traffic situation and guarantees dynamic adaptation of the route to this information. Google® Earth and Google® Streetview are also being integrated for the first time to offer better orientation. Porsche Car Connect and the Connect Plus module can be used for remotely controlled vehicle functions, transferring destinations to the PCM for navigation and streaming music using third-party service providers via the PCM.

New and extended optional assistance systems

The 911 Carrera also offers enhanced active safety through new and improved assistance systems. Post-collision braking is a standard feature, and the cruise control now brakes moderately when the pre-set speed is exceeded, for example when driving downhill. The Adaptive Cruise Control (ACC) option has been upgraded with a coasting function in conjunction with the PDK transmission. The optional Lane Change Assistant monitors traffic approaching from behind with radar and uses LED lights to the left and right of the mirror triangle to warn the driver of vehicles in the blind spot.

Market launch in March 2016

The new Porsche 911 Carrera models will be launched in the United States in March of 2016. Manufacturer's suggested retail prices start as follows:

911 Carrera $89,400
911 Carrera S $103,400
911 Carrera Cabriolet $101,700
911 Carrera S Cabriolet $115,700

40 years' turbo experience in motorsport and series production
At Porsche, innovations and developments that have proved themselves under extreme racing conditions benefit production models, too. Testing in motorsport ensures the performance and resilience of the new engines for production sports cars. In the development of turbocharged six-cylinder flat engines Porsche can look back on more than 40 years of experience. For example, turbocharging with a bypass valve was first used in 1972 in the 917/10 racing car before entering series production in 1974 in the first 911 Turbo. In 1974, charge air cooling was also first introduced in the 917/10. In 1977, this technology then celebrated its premiere in the 911 Turbo 3.3. Further milestones in the development of turbo engines include sequential turbocharging with two consecutive chargers (for the first time in the 959), twin-turbo charging with two parallel chargers (for the first time in the 911 Turbo, type 993) and adjustable intake valves (for the first time in the 911 Turbo, type 996).

If you liked the article, share on:



Every time there is an auto show, people tend to compare one car to another - in terms of technology, performance, appeal, and many other factors. And oftentimes, new models...
by - December 18, 2017
Soon, production-based electric cars could now race against each other on the circuits against the background of the FIA Formula E Championship, which is considered as the pinnacle of electric...
by - September 21, 2017
Honda is showcasing the retro-inspired EV concept in Germany’s 2017 Frankfurt Motor Show which will last until September 24. The retro styled city car, which is also the Japanese car...
by - September 21, 2017
During the 2017 Frankfurt Motor Show, Land Rover presented something that no other automaker has before - an off-road stroller for parents to use when transporting their toddlers. In other...
by - September 19, 2017
Around two weeks after Porsche unveiled the third generation of the Porsche Cayenne in Stuttgart, Germany, the sports car maker has taken the wraps off the turbo version of the...
by - September 18, 2017