After McLaren unveiled its MP4-29 F1 car, Ferrari also presented the F14 T, its sixtieth car built specifically to take part in the Formula 1 World Championship. According to the official press release, the F14 T name comes from the combination of the current year and the introduction of the turbo-compressor in the Power Unit.
As expected, the F14 T is very different to the cars of recent years and changes include a lower chassis and nose in the interests of driver safety. The rear wing shares nothing to the previous year owing to three rule changes requiring a much larger stroke DRS, a much smaller overall rear wing depth and removal of the beam wing. The front wing is 75 mm narrower per side due to safety reasons, as it needs to be less vulnerable to collisions with other cars and with the barriers.
Ferrari says that the little change of 75 mm forced them to reinvent completely the front wing aerodynamics for 2014. Moreover, the new Ferrari F14 T has completely different cooling requirements from any of its predecessors. The engine oil and water radiators are now smaller due to the use of the 1.6-liter V6 engine, but new homes had to be found to accommodate an intercooler for the turbo-compressor system and to manage heat rejection from ERS components that are many times greater than their KERS antecedents.
The braking system was redesigned too because Ferrari had to adapt the car to the change in the regulations. This means greater capacity on the front axle and a smaller size of the hydraulic caliper at the rear to compensate for the greater braking effort that is supplied by the ERS motor. The F14 T will have a brake-by-wire system for the first time, which allows Ferrari to optimize pedal consistency and brake balance control as the ERS braking contribution changes during the braking manoeuvre.
The V6 engine uses an 8-speed transmission that was designed with the aim of ensuring that we continue to enjoy highly efficient delivery of power through the drivetrain while producing class leading starts and high levels of reliability. The 2014 regulation also required Ferrari to follow the weight limit of 691 kg. [source: Ferrari]